Bruises are purple and blue dark discolored spots on the skin that can be painful to the touch. People who bruise easily may be suffering from vitamin deficiencies; other causes of easy bruising include aging, thin skin and inadequate blood vessel function. While you cannot do anything about aging and thin skin, there are certain vitamins that may be able to prevent bruising.
For people who bruise easily, doctors suggest taking Vitamins C, E and K and zinc to help speed up the healing process of bruises and prevent future bruising. Vitamin C can help with bruising because it increases collagen in the body, reduces inflammation and builds up the immune system. This vitamin may be especially helpful because of the citrus bioflavonoids and antioxidants found in citrus fruit. Vitamin E is important for the prevention of bruising because it aids in blood-vessel function and tissue repair. Vitamin K helps with blood clotting and strengthens the walls surrounding the blood vessels. People often use Vitamin K lotion and supplements to get rid of bruises quickly and to fade spider veins. Zinc is a mineral that helps prevent and dissolve bruises because it assists in the development of healthy tissue and skin and is essential to wound healing. The best sources for these nutrients are the foods we eat including fruit, leafy vegetables, whole grains and nuts. These nutrients can also be taken in supplement form.
Herbalists often recommend herbal supplements taken in conjunction with vitamins to prevent bruising. The most common herbs suggested to prevent and treat bruises are horse chestnut, arnica and grape-seed extract. Horse chestnut treats the inflammation and swelling associated with bruises and broken capillaries as well as other vein conditions such as spider veins and varicose veins. Arnica is a homeopathic herb used to prevent bruises and relieve pain and discomfort associated with tissue injuries. Grape-seed extract has powerful antioxidant properties and makes blood capillaries stronger, resulting in less bruising.
For most people, bruises occur simply because of being hit by something or running into an object by accident. Occasionally, finding yourself with many bruises may be a sign of a serious health condition such as a blood-clotting disorder, liver disease or immune condition. Individuals who have bruises that do not go away in a few days or that have noticeable changes should seek medical attention. The bruises may also be a side effect of certain medications, such as those prescribed for cancer patients and organ donors.