Trigger finger can be corrected with surgery.
Generally safe and effective, trigger-finger surgery—as with any medical procedure—carries some risks, including the possibility of nerve damage.
Trigger finger or trigger thumb, known medically as stenosing tenosynovitis, occurs when a finger or thumb “catches” when bent. Sometimes, the finger locks in a bent position and fails to straighten. The cause of trigger finger often remains a mystery, according to the American Society for Surgery of the Hand.
When non-surgical therapies such as corticosteroid injections, splints and pain medications fail, doctors suggest surgery. According to the Mayo Clinic, trigger-finger surgery—an outpatient procedure performed under local anesthesia—poses little risk.
After the surgery, expect tenderness, discomfort and swelling for a few days, reports the American Society for Surgery of the Hand.
Serious but rare complications from trigger-finger surgery include infection, nerve injury and further damage to the finger or hand, according to Medscape eMedicine.
Diabetics or immunosuppressed patients—such as organ transplant recipients or those undergoing chemotherapy—have a higher risk of infection, reports Medscape eMedicine.