Thrombosis is a condition involving a clot, or thrombus, in a vein or artery. A common form of thrombosis is deep vein thrombosis, or DVT, which is a clot in a vein deep within the leg. Causes of thrombosis include slow or sluggish blood flow, undue pressure or injury to a vein, the tendency for a person’s blood to clot quickly or an inflammation of a vein’s inner lining. Although some cases of thrombosis can be moderate, this condition can be life-threatening if it occurs in a deep vein, and will require immediate attention and treatment.
1. Obtain and wear a pair of graduated compression stockings. These will help with the swelling.
2. When sitting or lying down, elevate the affected area whenever possible. This will cut down on blood flow to the leg and minimize pressure on the vein.
3. Ask for a prescription for anticoagulant medications to cut down on the blood clotting.
4. Learn about thrombolysis to see if it is required. This involves medication delivered intravenously to dissolve clots.
5. Consider a procedure that involves inserting a tiny vacuum-like device to remove a clot that has been softened with anticoagulant medication.
6. Eat a healthy, balanced diet. It is well-known that excess weight is associated with blood clots.
7. Limit alcohol consumption. The maximum amount of alcohol per day is no more than two glasses.