Borderline diabetes, or pre-diabetes, is a condition in which a person’s blood sugar level is higher than a normal reading, yet not so high that it qualifies as diabetes. According to the online medical resource WedMD, a person’s fasting glucose level must be between 100 and 125 mg/dl to be diagnosed with borderline diabetes. Blood glucose levels of 126 mg/dl or higher signify that the person is diabetic. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) reports that more than 50 million American adults have pre-diabetes and are at risk for developing the full-blown disease. Luckily, borderline diabetes can be completely reversible if the appropriate steps are taken to treat the condition.
1. Have blood tests run to measure your glucose levels. Knowing your exact reading can help you and your doctor develop a treatment plan of lifestyle changes that will bring your sugar levels back down into the normal range.
2. Schedule a consultation with your doctor to discuss safe ways in which you can lose weight, if applicable. Most people who develop borderline diabetes are overweight. Losing even 5 percent of your body weight can be beneficial to your overall health and can treat pre-diabetes conditions, says the medical experts at WedMD.
3. Hire a nutritionist to help you devise a personalized eating plan that will regulate your blood sugar levels. Limiting the amount of carbohydrates you eat, and increasing your sources of dietary fiber is a good start. Incorporate whole grains into your diet, as well as several daily servings of fresh fruits and vegetables.
4. Increase your activity level as a way to treat borderline diabetes. Exercise will not only help you lose weight, which is a key factor in preventing full-blown diabetes, but increases blood flow and is healthy for your heart. Try to fit 30 minutes of aerobic exercise into each day. Walking, riding a bike, and jumping rope are a few examples of aerobic exercise.
5. Control underlying health conditions that may contribute to your borderline diabetes. Get checked for high blood pressure and high cholesterol regularly, and begin treatment for these conditions if needed.