The Uses Of Thuja Occidentalis

Northern White Cedar trees have a variety of uses.

The northern white cedar (Thuja ocidentalis) grows well throughout Canada and the northern portions of the U.S. that have cold winter climates. This medium-sized tree matures to a height of 40 to 50 feet and has a lifespan upwards of 400 years. This tree grows well in a wide range of soils and is adaptable to overly moist and overly dry conditions. The best results are yielded when grown on neutral or slightly alkaline limestone soils. Within its climate range, this tree can be found from sea level up to 2,000 feet in elevation. Does this Spark an idea?

Wildlife Habitat

Thuja occidentalis is a beneficial plant for wildlife habitats, especially those for deer that need assistance surviving the winter months. This tree is a source of nutrition for white-tailed deer, who feed on the saplings. Snowshoe hare, porcupines and red squirrels are all mammals that rely on this plant as a source of food. In addition to providing nutritional value, this plant is a home for a variety of birds-including sarblers, sparrows and woodpeckers.

Commercial Cultivation

The wood of the northern white cedar is resistant to termites and is used for a variety of purposes. Commercially, the wood from this tree is cultivated to make log cabins, lumber, poles and shingles for construction applications. On a smaller scale, the wood has been valued for its use in creating paneling, piling, pails, barrels, boats, barrels, novelties and woodenware. The shavings from the tree have also been used to create strong particleboard. The oil extracted from the northern white cedar is an important component in perfumes and medicine. Boughs taken from the plant during harvest add ornamental value to floral arrangements.

READ  Chemistry & Reflux

Ornamental Use

Ornamentally, northern white cedar trees are planted along lakes and peatlands to create a fringe. The bark of this tree is particularly attractive, making it a great selection for residential and commercial landscapes. This cedar can be planted alone or with others to create a screen or barrier. This conifer is a popular choice for landscapes in Newfoundland, Europe and the United States. This medium-sized tree can even be planted along the land bordering power lines. This tree is widely adaptable to a variety of different soils, elevations and moisture levels-making it an easy tree to add to any landscape. The root system of this tree is shallow and spreading, making it suitable for extreme locations, such as cliffs and rocky soils.