Alopecia X is the name given to a number of conditions that cause hair loss in dogs. It can be caused by serious illnesses, such as testicular tumors, kidney disease and hyperthyroidism. However, it often appears mysteriously, with no other symptoms beyond spreading bald patches. Sometimes called Post-clipping Alopecia and Adrenal Hyperplasia-like Syndrome, the disorder can be found in dogs of many different breeds, particularly those with thick coats, including Huskies and Pomeranians.
1. Have a vet examine your dog to discover the cause of the Alopecia X. If the Alopecia is caused by an illness such as diabetes (which may be treated with a special diet), treatment of the main illness can sometimes also help resolve the Alopecia. If the cause cannot be found, you will have to consider other options for treatment.
2. Spay or neuter your dog. Castration-Responsive Alopecia is a form of Alopecia that can sometimes be reversed by spaying or neutering the animal. This is an option if your dog does not have a serious illness. However, your dog may get, or continue to have, Alopecia despite being spayed or neutered.
3. Use oral melatonin, a naturally occurring brain chemical. In humans, melatonin is used as a sleep aid. In some dogs, melatonin can help hair begin to regrow. However, it can be dangerous for diabetic dogs, so consult with your vet before trying this. Also, ask your vet to determine the proper dosage.
4. Use hormones or hormone-affecting medications to treat a variety of disorders that can cause Alopecia. Your vet will be able to prescribe medicines according to your dogs needs. Hormone treatments include Lysodren to control the adrenal glands, Methyltestosterone and growth hormone, which can cause some neutered dogs to regrow hair. Luprolide acetate and Goserelin help by temporarily shutting down production of sex hormones.
5. Wait it out. If it’s not caused by a serious illness, Alopecia is generally considered to be a cosmetic issue. It usually does not cause pain to the animal. In some cases, it resolves on its own without medical intervention.