Effective Cure For Hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation is a skin condition characterized by darkening of the skin and nails due to increased levels of melanin in the body. All races can be affected by hyperpigmentation. However, individuals with darker complexions are more vulnerable to this condition.

Causes of Hyperpigmentation

Causes of hyperpigmentation include unprotected sun exposure, genetics and side effects of some medication. Pre-existing medical conditions such as ringworm, Addisons disease, Haemochromatosis, Cushings disease, autoimmune thyroid disorders, pregnancy and hormone imbalance have been connected with hyperpigmentation.

Classification

Three types of hyperpigmentation are epidermal (top skin layer; brownish spots), dermal (mid skin layer; blue-gray spots) and mixed (gray-brown spots). All forms of hyperpigmentation are defined by circular lesions or spots scattered on different areas of the body.

Topical Cream Treatments

Topical phenol treatments, such as hydroquinone, work to inhibit the tyrosinase enzyme, reducing the overproduction of melanin in the skin in about 6 months. Prescription and OTC bleaching creams are used to lighten the darkened spots until they fade into the regular skin complexion.

Chemical Peels

Trichloric acid, glycolic acid and salicylic acid are used in chemical peel treatments for epidermal hyperpigmentation. The chemical peels typically show 40 to 50 percent improvement in skin discoloration.

Surgical Treatments

Surgical treatments include cryosurgery, dermabrasion and laser treatment. These surgical procedures mostly produce immediate results, but variable healing periods.

Opaque Cover-up

Due to the depth of dermal hyperpigmentation, this form of infection tends to be nonresponsive to topical creams and chemical peel treatments. Therefore, use of opaque make-up is used as a means of immediate results.

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