Eczema is the common term applied to a number of skin conditions that result in inflammation, redness and lesions. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, the term is associated with skin conditions such as dry, itchy and cracked skin, and it most often occurs on the face, wrists, and the inside of the elbows and knees. The term is interchangeable with dermatitis.
There are a number of situations that should be avoided by people prone to eczema.
Avoid dry air, as it aggravates the itchiness of eczema. Use humidifiers in the home to maintain moisture levels. Irritants such as exposure to smoke or chemicals can aggravate eczema. Simply avoiding these irritating substances and conditions can improve the situation for those who suffer from eczema.
Stress can also aggravate eczema. Sufferers should do what they can to avoid stress.
Sunbathing is considered beneficial for eczema sufferers, as it kills bacteria on the skin. However, avoid overexposure to the sun, because it can cause skin cancer.
A number of natural substances are used to treat eczema. Most work on the principle of removing oil from the skin and restoring moisture.
Zinc ointments can be used as a topical treatment, or zinc can be consumed in pill form as a treatment for eczema.
Vitamin B and vitamin E are both used in association with eczema. Vitamin E is applied topically to reduce itching in the affected area.
Calamine lotion is also used to alleviate itching.
Other natural remedies for eczema include nutmeg, mustard, finger millet, neem and sandalwood.
There are literally hundreds of preventative measures and treatments associated with eczema. Sufferers are advised to experiment and consult their physicians to find the right combinations to deal with eczema symptoms.