Herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection can sometimes lead to an infection of the eye; this most commonly occurs in cases of HSV-1, the virus mostly responsible for cold sores (oral herpes). Ocular (eye) infection with HSV can lead to complications, including corneal scarring and possible visual impairment, according to the Mayo Clinic. However, the condition can be treated with a number of methodologies which vary based on which part of the eye is affected.
Treating Ocular Herpes
1. Be evaluated as soon as possible by a physician for suspected herpes of the eye. Only a doctor can evaluate and diagnose this condition, and then prescribe medications to control the infection.
2. Use medications as prescribed by your physician. According to the Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences of the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), this may include antiviral and corticosteroid eye drops.
3. Undergo removal of affected cells, if recommended by your doctor. During this procedure, according to the UIC, a dry tool with a cotton tip is used to clear away the part of the cornea that is affected by HSV infection.
4. Follow up with your doctor to monitor the effectiveness of treatment. If the condition persists, UIC reports that further treatment, possibly including a cornea transplant may be necessary in order to preserve sight.